Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. It encompasses the biological influences, social pressures and environmental factors that affect how people think, act and feel. Developmental psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on how people grow and change over the course of a lifetime. Psychological development, the development of human beings’ cognitive, emotional, intellectual and social capabilities and functioning over the course of the life span, from infancy through old age. It is the subject matter of the discipline known as developmental psychology.
1. Stage 1: Infancy (birth to 18 months)
2. Stage 2: Early Childhood (2 to 3 years)
3. Stage 3: Preschool (3 to 5 years)
4. Stage 4: School Age (6 to 11 years)
5. Stage 5: Adolescence (12 to 18 years)
6. Stage 6: Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years)
7. Stage 7: Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years)
Types of psychology
1. Clinical Psychology. This treatment-oriented branch of psychology deals with scientific ways of handling psychological problem Clinical psychology is focused on the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
2. Abnormal psychology. This is the study of abnormal behavior and psychopathology. This specialty area is focused on research and treatment of a variety of mental disorders and is linked to psychotherapy and clinical psychology.
3. Biological psychology. (biopsychology) studies how biological processes influence the mind and behavior. This area is closely linked to neuroscience and utilizes tools such as MRI and PET scans to look at brain injury or brain abnormalities. This branch of psychology looks at the role the brain and neurotransmitters play in influencing our thoughts, feelings and behaviors.
4. Cognitive psychology. This is the study of human thought processes including attention, memory, perception, decision-making, problem-solving, and language acquisition. The branch of psychology that deals with mental processes, such as thoughts, memory and problem solving, is called cognitive psychology.
5. Educational psychology. This is the scientific study of human behaviour in an educational setting and, as such, it deals with issues such as learning disorders, adolescence behaviors.
6. Comparative psychology. This is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behavior.
7. Social psychology. Focussed on the psychological aspects of individuals within a community environment, community psychology explores characteristics such as interdependence, adaptation, diplomacy, empowerment, social justice and so on. It is also referred to as critical psychology.
8. Development psychology. This is an area that looks at human growth and development over the lifespan including cognitive abilities, morality, social functioning, identity and other life areas.
9. Industrial psychology. This branch of psychology addresses practical problems in the workplace through the application of psychological principles. Industrial psychologists, also called organizational psychologists.
10. Social psychology. This focuses on group behavior, social influences on individual behavior, attitudes, prejudice, conformity, aggression, and related topics
11. Forensic psychologist. This is an applied field focused on using psychological research and principles in the legal and criminal justice system. The application of psychology to law making, law enforcement, the examination of witnesses and the treatment of the criminal is the job of the forensic psychologist.
12. Industrial Organizational psychology. This is a field that uses psychological research to enhance work performance and select employees.
13. Health psychology. This branch of psychology observes how behaviour, biology and social context influence illness and health. Health psychologists generally work alongside other medical professionals in clinical settings.
14. Personality psychology: This is focuses on understanding how personality develops as well as the patterns of thoughts, behaviors, and characteristics that make each individual unique.
Interview questions for Psychology
1. What Is Your Favorite Part About Working For Company X?
This is the softball. It’s a great lead off that accomplishes two things:
• It gets the interviewer talking about something that’s personal to them. This covers both of our psychological bases.
• It gives you insight into the culture and the people who work at the company, both of which are huge factors.
2. Are you a detail oriented person?
As a Psychologist, attention to detail is needed from charting to counseling patients. Explain your skills and use examples. Tell the interviewer about your patience, determination and proactive attitude.
3. Tell Me A Little Bit More About You, What Do You Like To Do Outside Of Work?
This is your closer. You’ve talked about business for 30 – 60 minutes, now it’s time to get personal. The reason this question is so powerful is because it not only has people talking about themselves, but it also gets them talking about their interests – things that make them happy.
4. A patient is emotionally distressed after suffering a traumatic experience. How do you respond?
Counseling Psychologists require tremendous patience and understanding with their clients. Candidates should describe how they managed to calm them down in a level-headed, professional manner and assured them of their capacity to treat them.
5. What, in your opinion, is the most important quality in a Counseling Psychologist?
Along with patience, candidates should cite empathy and emotional intelligence as key skills in a Counseling Psychologist.
6. What qualities do you feel a successful manager should have?
Focus on two words: leadership and vision. Then tell of how that leadership and vision translated into your personal delivered results.
Here is a sample of how to respond: “The key quality in a successful manager should be leadership—the ability to be the visionary for the people who are working under them. The person who can set the course and direction for subordinates, keeping them focused on what is most important for delivering the highest priority results. The highest calling of a true leader is inspiring others to reach the highest of their abilities.