Let’s define behavioral psychology. Behavioral psychology is the study of the connection between our minds and our behavior. Sometimes you will hear behavioral psychology referred to as behaviorism. Behaviorism, also known as behavioral psychology is a theory of learning based on the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. The researchers and scientists who study behavioral psychology are trying to understand why we behave the way we do and they are concerned with discovering patterns in our actions and behaviors. Behaviorists believe that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our actions.
The hope is that if we can use behavioral psychology to help us predict how humans will behave, we can build better habits as individuals, create better products as companies, and develop better living spaces as communities. Strict behaviorists believed that any person can potentially be trained to perform any task, regardless of genetic background, personality traits, and internal thoughts (within the limits of their physical capabilities). It only requires the right conditioning.
Types of Behavior psychology
People behave differently. This makes us unique. The way we act reflects who we are. In psychology, our observable acts are called behavior. A study on human behavior has revealed that 90 percent of the population can be classified into four basic personality types: optimistic, pessimistic, trusting and envious. Psychology is a very complex subject and discipline of Science. We can never exhaust all the types of behaviors that exist.
In studying Psychology, there are 8 types of behavior that a Psych student must know, these are: Overt Behavior, Covert, Conscious, Unconscious, Rational Behavior, Irrational, Voluntary Behavior and its opposite Involuntary Behavior.
1. Overt behavior is an observable act of a person. It is obvious. You can see it and measure it at some point. Examples of this are eating, jogging, writing, dancing, walking, reading, studying, singing, talking..
2. Covert behavior is an exact opposite of the previous type. Covert behaviors have something to do with thoughts.
3. Conscious behavior is an intended act. It is something that you deliberately do. A good example of this is taking a bath or eating your breakfast
4. Unconscious behaviors are acts that run automatically without your mind controlling them. For instance, you might not notice your breathing until you read this sentence.
5. This one of the types of behavior in psychology that we could observe among people every day.
6. Irrational behaviors are acts that deviate from what is right. Usually, these behaviors are nonsensical.
7. Voluntary behaviors emerge out of free will. It is the result of being free from making decisions in life.
8. In voluntary behavior in psychology happen to us every day. You can feel these or see on other people. Understanding these types of behavior will somehow help you know other people better.
However, we can look at these ten also
1. Escapism: This happens when people want to ignore an obvious problem, such as, the fact that you are an alcoholic and do not want to let the bottle go. It is also called, living in denial.
2. Conformism: This happens when people choose to just follow the crowd regardless of what they are following, whether good or bad.
3. Rebellion: This happens when people choose to fight back and take matters in their own hands.
4. Responsibility: This occurs when people are so well mannered and accountable.
5. Group mentality: This happens when people do not have a sense of self identity and just copy anyone that they see. It leads to crime and drug abuse.
6. Withdrawal: This happens when people lose hope in life and do not want to associate with society.
7. Narcissism: This is the worst and occurs when people think too highly of themselves. They also become mean and heartless.
8. Retribution: This occurs when the law fails and people decide to fight for themselves to get justice.
9. Egoism: This is so much like narcissism but is brought about by people always getting their way or too much attention from women or men.
10. Piety: This shows up when people get religious about everything. At times it is good whereas at others it is just followed by self righteousness.
Behaviorism went on to become one of the leading psychology theories of the 20th century, and its principals still underlie a great deal of modern research into human behavior.